Adverb(副词)

英语词法学习笔记(新东方悉铭霞)

定义

用来修饰动词、形容词、其他副词、分词、介词短语或整个句子,说明时间、地点、程度、方式等概念的词。

分类

按照词义划分,副词可以分为以下积累:时间、地点、方式、程度、疑问、连接、关系、句子、频率副词。

时间副词

now/recently/then/today/tommorow/tonight/yesterday.

地点副词

anywhere/away/behind/everywhere/here/inside/outside/there.

方式副词

calmly/politely/properly/proudly/suddenly.

程度副词

positively/fairly/nearly/only/quite/rather/simply/totally/truly.

疑问副词

when/how/where/why.

连接副词

however/meanwhile/therefore/nevertheless.

关系副词

when/where/why

句子副词

absurdly/admittedly/fortunately/frankly.

副词的功能和特点

状语

She sings quite well.

He got up rather late.

作表语

Are you upstairs?
Anyone downstairs?

作定语

The young girls here are all my students.

The birds there are from the south of China.

作宾语补足语

Put the clothes back to the closet after taking them off.

副词的应用

在句子中的位置

放在所修饰的动词后面或句末。

She listens to the teacher attentively.
She participates class discussion actively.

频率副词放在句首表示强调。
Generally, the Emperor goes go Meiniang every day.

Sometimes, I wish I were an angel.

副词修饰全句时放在句首,一般是连接副词、关系副词、疑问副词、句子副词。

Where are you going?
Unfortunately we cannot offer you a precise answer.

动词前有多个副词修饰时,副词的顺序是:频率副词/被修饰的动词/程度副词/方式副词/地点副词/时间副词。

The dog usually eats quite little this year.

The milk tea shop at the corner is often visited by citizens in this area.

常见副词辨析

just/just now 刚刚,刚才

Just 常用于现在完成时。
Just now 常用语一般过去时。

I have just finished my homework.
I finished my homework just now.

fairly / rather “相当” 表强调
fairly 多形容褒义色彩
rather 多形容贬义色彩

Your work is fairly excellent.
The food smells rather bad.

nearly / almost “几乎差不多”
nearly多用于very, pretty, not之后
almost多用于any, never,no, none之后

My work is almost done.
Almost nobody agrees with the manager.

so … that/ such … that “如此…以至于”
so … that 修饰形容词,副词
such … that 修饰名词

The beauty is so gorgeous that every man succumbs to her.

It is such a significiant movie that every audience spakes highly of it(高度评价).

ago / before

I started to learn English 10 years ago.
I have learned English before.

易混淆的形容词/副词辨析

大部分副词都是相关的形容词加ly结尾的,但有些词虽然以ly结尾却仍然是形容词。

Brotherly 兄弟般的
Deadly 致命的 Elderly 年长的 Friendly 友好的 Orderly 有序的 Ugly 丑的 Silly 傻的

有些词既可以做形容词,也可以做副词,而且差别不大

Alike
Daily
Early
Fast
Fine
Likely
Monthly/weekly/yearly

有些副词有,无ly和有ly两种形式,但是意义差别很大。

Close 接近的 Closely 密切的,紧密的,抽象

Free 免费的
Freely 自由的

Just 刚才
Justly 公正的,恰当的,正当的

Most 最,非常
Mostly 主要地,通常,多半

Deep 深入地
Deeply 深刻的,情感

A deep breath
We deeply regret your misfortun.

Hard 努力地,辛苦地,艰难地
Hardly 几乎不

Late 迟 Lately 最近

Near 附近地
Nearly 几乎,差不多

副词的比较级、最高级

She reads as fast as her sister.

Motion pictures tell stories more vividly than written articles.

The faster he runs, the better result he will get.

She learns math best in her class.

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