Pronoun(代词)

英语词法学习笔记(新东方霍娜)

人称代词

单数 复数
主格 I you he she it we you they
宾格 me you him her it us you them

We help them.
They help us.
He knows me.
She knows him.

I admire her.
You admire me.

物主代词

物体的主人。

我的 你的 他的 她的 它的 我们的 你们的 他们的
形容词 my your his her its our your their
名词 mine yours his her its ours yours theirs

My honor.
Her design.
His request.
Our country.

My house is expensive, what about yours?
Mine is cheap. Heres is expensive too.
But I love his, the largest one is his.

This is my shirt.
This shirt is mine.

Those are their bags.
Those bags are theirs.

These are his hobbies.
The hobbies are his.

That is our decision.
The decision is ours.

名词+of+名词性物主代词,之一

A friend of mine.
A daughter of theirs.
A nephew of hers.

反身代词

我们自己 你们自己 他们自己 她们自己 它们自己
单数 myself yourself himself herself itself
复数 ourselves yourselves themselfs themselevs themselves

1.宾语
He can express himself in English.
Take good care of yourself.

2.表语
That poor girl was myself.
She will be herself again in no time.

3.同位语
He himself is a doctor.
The theory itself is all right.

4.动词 + oneself
Help yourself. 自便。
Enjoy yourself. 玩的开心。
Express myself. 表达自己。
She teaches herself English. 她自学英语。

5. 介词 + oneself
by oneself 自己一个人
I will have tea by myself.
for oneself 替自己
She made no complaint for herself.
bettween oneself 私下说话
Between ourselves, he is selfish man.

指示代词

这(这些) 那(那些) 这样(人,事)
单数 this that such
复数 these those such

this/that + 单数名词/不可数名词
these/those + 复数名词
such a + 单数名词
such +  不可数名词/复数名词

This is his watch.
These are their watches.

That is my dress.
Those are our dresses.

We have had such a busy day.
We have had such busy days.

中国人喜欢说“这”,英国人喜欢说”That”.

That’s all.
That’s ok.
That’s all right.
That’s all I want to tell you.

不定代词

all/many/much/both/either/neither/other
another/one/few/little/none
every/everyone/everybody/everything
everywhere/no/no one/nobody
nothing/nowhere/some/someone
somebody/something/somewhere/any
anyone/anybody/anything/anywhere

1. 表示“二”的
both/either/neither
both 两个都
either … or ..
neither … nor ..

主语
Both(of you) will be there.
Either(of you) will be there.
Neither(of you) will be there.

宾语
I will take both with me.
I will take either with me.
I will take neither with me.

定语
Both seats are taken.
You may take either seat.
Neither seat is taken.

同位语
I love you both.
They both agree to stay.

2. 表示所有的: all
作主语
All of use are fond of sports.

作宾语
I want all of you to make progress.

作定语
All roads lead to Rome.

同位语
She knows us all.

3. 表示“每个”:every/each

Each of my eyes has 2020 vision.

every 强调整体。 each 强调个体。

Everything is quiet.
A humorous person is accepted everywhere.

Each student has got an English name.

every + n. (单数)
each + n. (单数)
each of + n. (复数)

Each of my children goes to different schools.
Each of the tickets costs 10 dollars.
Every/Each man is not honest.

  1. 表示“没有一个…”: no/noe

none of + n./pron.

None of use are perfect.
None of thme like it.
None of the girls have been to the Great Wall.

I have no friend in Beijing.

5. 表示一些:some/any

Do have any other questions?
There are no others.

6. 表示另外:the other/another
He has two haughters. One is a nurse, the other is a worker.
I don’t like this one, please show me another.

7. 多和少

多少 很多 有几个/有少许 几乎没有
修饰可数名词 many a few few
修饰不可数名词 much a little little

8. 合成不定代词

every no some any
everyone no one someone anyone
everybody nobody somebody anybody
everything nothing something anything
everywhere nowhere somewhere anywhere

I did nothing yesterday.
I went nowhere.
He will become somebody(大人物).
He was nobody(无名小卒) at that time.

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