其他语法

英语语法

动词+宾语+宾补

过去分词/现在分词/形容词作宾补,多用于一下动词之后:
get, make, have, keep, want, wish, order, like, see, hear, feel, find, think等。

例子:

The reporter tried to make the scandal known by the public.
He ordered such an unfair provision deleted.

It is … that …

It is true that … but … It is apparent that …
It is evident that … It is self-evident(不言而喻) that …
It is as clear as daylight that …
It is as clear as crystal that …

It seemed certain that …

英文多用名词和被动,汉语多用动词和主动

to have sth done.
call in at = visit

avoid doing ….
No one can avoid being influenced by advertisements.

Much as … 转折

a close study = a careful study

human nature 人性

little weaknesses 弱点

All of us love to get something for nothing. = 贪便宜

… have made it possible for sb to do sth.
which will enable sb to do std.

in this way 用这种方式

offer to do std 表示要做

pound 磅

pay $10 a pound for the biggest biscuit.

colossal = big/huge

flour 面粉

It has been said that … 据说

live by doing sth

In the light of this statement.

material goods 实物商品

perform service for sb.

grudge doing A for doing B

exception to the general rule.

转折词后面是重点。but, however, yet, though.

In seeking independence.

do not sacrifice 不会牺牲

ascribe to 归因于

It was difficult not to be tempted.

go to great length to do sth = do one’s best to do

The man (to approach me). 靠近我的男人。
不定式放在名词后面,往往作后置定语。

to this day 直到今天为止

no sooner than 一…就 soon 马上;不久 I had no sooner got off the ship than I was assailed by a man who wanted to sell me a diamond ring.

hardly … when …
scarcely … when …

go to hospital 去医院 go to school go home

keep on doing

be willing to do 乐意作某事

claimed to have seen sth 声称见过某事

不定时作原因状语
A short time ago, villagers were astonished to learn that the ghost of Endley had died.

a third 表示三者其一,不表示顺序

be supposed to have done sth 被认为已经做某事。

lived as a recluse 隐士生活

不定时作结果状语
Farm labourers said that they always woke up to find the work had been done overnight.

lovable 可爱的(多指人)
lovely 可爱的(人物皆可)

set out to do sth = begin to do

happen to be 碰巧是

pull up 临时停车

stray 迷失的

devour v 吞食

relevant = applicable

as if 引导虚拟语气句型,谓语动词一般用过去式或者过去完成时,be动词用were。
It is as if a single unimportant event set up a chain of reactions.
As if this were not enough to reduce you to tears your husband arrives, unexpectedly bringing three guests to dinner.

muster up courage 鼓起勇气

pretentious 炫耀的;虚夸的;自命不凡的

be bent on 决心要 弯腰
cherish the hope 抱有 怀有希望
a great deal 很多 is about to 正准备去做

can not be bothered to do sth 不屑于做某事

同位语
一个句子后面逗号,后面是一个名词性短语或句子,解释前面的名词。 I live in Nanshan, a district in Shenzhen.

a perpetual struggle against poverty.

过去分词作方式状语

was to do sth 过去将来

部分否定
当否定次no/not和布丁代词all, many, some, both等连用时,无论先后顺序,均表示部分否定。
Not all men are good. = All men are not good.
Not everyone can have such a good luck. = Everyone can not have such a good luck.
Both of us are not right. 我们俩一对一错。

全部否定
None of …/ Neither of …

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