Adverbial Clauses(状语从句)

英语句法学习笔记(新东方张兰心)

口头禅:”这其实是一个笑话。“

句式复习

  • 简单句
    This is a man.

  • 并列句
    连接词:and, so, but, either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also.

  • 复合句
    主句+连接词+从句
    连接词+从句, 主句

状语从句分类

状语从句:九阴真经
时间,地点,原因
结果,条件,目的
让步,方式,比较

时间状语从句

after
I arrived after he left.

before
You need to get out of here before you get into trouble.

when/while/as
It was raining when we arrived.
He fell asleep while he was doing his homework.
I watched her as she combed her hair.
As you get older three things happen. The first is your memory goes, and I can’t remember the other two…

While搭配持续状态
He fell asleep while he was doing his homework.
I learned Spanish while I was in Mexico.

by the time
By the time my hair reaches my waist, will you be back?
By the time the war was over, death and suffering were to be seen everywhere.

since
He has had two jobs since he graduated.(现在完成)

as soon as: 一…就…
During summer holidays, I often get up as soon as the sun begins to come through my window.
Isn’t that quite early?
Well, my room faces west.

Till/until: 直到
I didn’t realize he was foreigner until he started speaking.

Every time: 每当,每逢
The windows in the bedroom were still leaking every time it rained.

The first time
The first time I receved my salary, I was overjoyed.

The last time
The last time I saw him, he was crying.

The next time
The next time you watch this file, pay attention to its music.

主将从现
主句将来时,从句不能用将来时,要用一般现在时。

I’ll tell him the bad news when I see him.

My husband and I will have saved enough money to buy a house by the time I turn 30 years old.

It was quite before those big trucks started coming through the town.

As Jone was watching TV, his wife was cooking.

I thought her nice and honest the first time I met her.

He will have learned English for eight years by the time he graduates from the university next year.

We will visit her as soon as she comes home.

地点状语从句

Where
Stay where you are.

Where food is hard to find, few birds remain throughout the year.

Where there is Will, there is a way.

She found her wallet where she lost it.

原因状语从句

because
We had an accident because he was careless.
Don’t cry because it is over; simle because it happened.

since: 由于,因为
Since we have so little money, we cannot afford the new car.

as: 由于因为
As you weren’t there when I arrived, I left you a message.

for: 前面加逗号,表示因果
It rained last night, for the ground is wet this morning.

Because he lied to me many times, so I could not trust him.
Because和so不能连用。

Because it was raining, we stayed at home.

Since the weather is so bad, we have to delay our journey.

结果状语从句

so…that…
such…that…

❤️ so + 形容词/副词… that + 句子
非常什么,导致一个结果
His anger was so explosive that he lost control of himself.

❤️ such + 名词 + that + 句子
He was in such a hurry that he almost pushed me over on the stairs.

特殊情况
❤️ so + many/few/much/little + n. + that …

There are so many new movies that I don’t know which one to watch.

❤️ be such that…
formal used to say that something is so great, so bad etc. that something else happens.
功能:代替想不到的形容词

His manners were such(找不到合适的形容词) that he nearly offended everyone he met.

改写
He was so angry that he lost control of himself.
His angry was such that he lost control of himself.

My happy was such that

改写
The play is so popular that the theatre is likely to be full every night.
The popularity of the play is such that the theatre is likely to be full every night.

结果状语从句: 倒装
❤️ so + 形容词/副词提前,剩下部分变成一般疑问句语序,that后不变。

改写
He was so angry that he lost control of himself.
So angry was he that he lost control of himself.

❤️ 对于be such that的句型,such提前,剩下部分变成一般疑问句语序,that后不变。

改写
His manners were such(找不到合适的形容词) that he nearly offended everyone he met.
Such were his manners that he nearly offended everyone he met.

Examples
The boy is so young that he can’t go to school.
He told us such a funny story that we all laughted.
He has so few books to read that he has to borrow some books from the library.
It is such a tall building that I can’t see its top.
The girl had such high fever that she nearly died last week.

目的状语从句:连接词

❤️ so that … (目的)
❤️ in order that …(目的)

We climbed high so that(in order that) we could get a better view.

Translation
我们应该打车去,这样我们能早点到。
We should take a taxi so that we can get there earlier.

Translation
大声点,这样观众才能听👂到你说的话。
Speak louder, so that the audience can hear you.

条件状语从句(重难点,虚拟): 连接词

If
You can stay to dinner if you like.
I wouldn’t have believed it if I hadn’t seen it happen.

条件状语从句: if 难点
1. 主将从现:主句将来时,从句用一般现在时。
If you work with me, I will take us to the top.
2. 对现在的虚拟(If部分和现在的事实相反)
时态往前推。
If + were/did, 主语 + would/could/might If were you, I would not accept his apology.
If I had enough money, I might stop working and just go traveling.
3. 过过去的虚拟
If + had done, 主语 + would/could/might have done.
If I had known you last year, I would have asked you to be my business partner.
If she hadn’t eaten too much candy, she might not have had her teeth pulled out.

in case: 万一
Carry a gun in case there’s an ambush.

unless 除非
Unless you are tring to lose weight to please yourself, it’s going to be tough to keep your motivation level high.

as long as / so long as 只要
I don’t care what is written in your history as long as you are here with me.

suppose (that) 假设
Suppose you had million pounds, how would you spend it?

If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time.
You may use the room as you like so long as you clean it up afterwards.
What should we pay more attention to if we go north in winter, Mum?
Nothing much. Take warm clothes in case the weather is cold.

It is a pity she isn’t herre. If she were here, I would be happier.

If he had come with me yesterday, he would have gone to the beach.

让步状语从句

让步:退一步说,虽然,但是还是

although/though 虽然
Although I am living in a noisy city, I desire a green forest.

even if/even though 尽管
I’ve decided to forgive him even though he deeply hurt my feeling.
Although Mr.Smith studied art in Paris, his writing attracted more interest than his painting.
Although/though不能与but连用,但是可以和yes/still/连用。
Though I didn’t know anyone at the party, still I had a great time.

While 尽管,放在句首
While I understand your point of view, I don’t agree with you.

no matter + 特殊疑问词
No matter what/ whatever nonsense the papers print, some people always believe it.
No matter where/ wherever she goes, there are crowds of people waiting to see her.

whoever, whichever, whenever, whatever, wherever, however.

No matter how/however I approached the problem, I cannot find a solution.

However difficult the task may be, we will try our best to finish it.

During the Spring Festival, a lot of people take the bullet train home though it is expensive.

Although he is considered a great writer, yet his works are not widely read.

Even though the weather is terrible, I still need to go on a bussiness trip.

方式状语从句

as 按…方式
When in Rome, do as the Romans do.
Why didn’t you tell her the truth as I told you do ?

the way
Do it the way you were taught.

as if / as though 好像
He acted as if / as though he had nothing to do with it.

The poor cat look as if it never get fed.

Do as I say and sit down.

比较状语从句

比较级 + than
He loves me more than you do.
He loves me more than he loves you.
She is a better singer than she was last year.
My husband cooks much/ a lot / far better than I do.
You look even more beautiful than(you were) yesterday.
I’m more than happy to see you.

I’m more than happy to see you.
He is more than a friend.

more than + 形容词 = very

more than + 名词 = 不止
He is more than an actor. He’s a writer too.

as…as 和…一样
The work is as difficult as I think.
I ran away as fast as I could.

否定:not as… as/ not so…as…
His eyes are not as/so blue as they look in the film.

the + 比较级, the + 比较级: 越…,就越…
The more I have, the more I want.
The more, the better.

The more you learn, the more you know, the more you know, the more you forget. The more you forget, the less you know. So why bother to learn.

A比B长3被
A is 3 times longer than B.(比它长3被)
A is 4 times as longer as B.(是它的4被)

天气不如去年动态冷
The weather this year is not as cold as it was last winter.
He moves even more slowly than his sister does.
He works as hard as his brother.

Peter was so excited when he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chongqing.
The medicine works more effectively if you drink some hot water after taking it.

Owen wouldn’t eat anything unless he cooked it himself.

You can’t borrow books from the school library befor you get your student card.

The Great Wall is such a well-known tourist attraction that millions of people pour in every year.

My parents don’t mind what job I do as long as I am happy.

It just isn’t fair. While I was working as writer last month, my friends were lying on the beach.
Although the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, the could not arrest him.
She had just finished her homeowrk when her mother asked her to practice palying the piano yesterday.
Shall we have our picnic tommorrow? If it doesn’t rain.
He speaks English well indeed, but of course not as fluently as a native speaker.

The house rent is expensive. I’ve got about half the space I had at home and I’m paying 3 times as much here.

Alghouth Linda tried hard in the exam, she did much worse than her brother.

If you are able to talk to an overseas friend over the telephone, you feel that you are close even if the actual distant is not shortened.

Shall Daniel come to the concert with us ? Not unless he has finished his paper.

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