Who served you?
The tall woman served me.
The short man served me.
The woman who has a handbag served me.
The woman who has dark hair served me.
The man who is standing behind the counter served me.
The big(定语) woman served me.
The woman who has a handbag served me.（定语从句）
- 人 + who/that + 动词 …
- 物 + which/that + 动词 …
Step 1: 找到被修饰的名词和定语
Step 2: 名词 + who/which + 定语
Step 3: 逐个翻译
They are very nice who work in this office.❌
The people who work in this office are very friendly(nice).
The woman who lives downstairs is a doctor.
Do you know the woman who wants to buy a car?👌
I want to marry a man who loves me.(限定man, who为从句的主语)
I want to marry a man who I love.(限定man，who为从句的宾语)
I want to marry a man I love.
The people who we met were very friendly.
The dinner (which) my mother cooked was delicious.
The fish (which) my wife bought was dead.
I found the book I wanted.❤️
Exercise: Put in who/which
I met a woman who can speak 6 languages.
What’s the name of woman who lives next door.
What’s the name of the river which flow through the town?
Where is the picture which was hanging on the wall?
Do you know anybody who wants to buy a car?
You always ask questions which are difficult to answer.
A … is person who …
A thief is a person who steals things.
A dentist is a person who looks after your teeth.
A butcher is person who sells meat.
A fool is a person who is very stupid.
A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument.
A genius is a person who is very intelligent.
Make one sentence from two
The man who phoned didn’t give his name.
A woman who opened the door was wearing a yellow dress.
Barbara works for company that makes furniture.
The book is about a girl that runs away from home.
What happened to the pictures that were on the wall?
A mystery is something that cannot be explained.
The police have caught the men that stole my car.
A dictionary is a book that gives you the meaning of words.
(all, little, few, much, none, everything, anything)
Is there anything that I can do for you?
Tom told his mother all that had happeded.
Is there any new that is about the entrance examination.
I’d like to read all the books that were written by him.
This is the best book that I have read.
It’s the most interesting film that I have ever seen.
名词由序数词来修饰（first, second, next, last） This is the last thing that I want to do.
Are there any room whose windows face the sea?
We’ll go to the town.
I have heard of the name of the town.
We’ll go to the town whose name I have herad of.
I met someone whose mom writes detective stories.
I met a man whose wife teaches English.
I met a person whose parents used to work in circus.
I met someone whose ambition is to climb Everest.
This is the place which I live in.
This is the place in which I live.
You are the guy we are tring to get away from.
You are the guy from whom we are tring to get away.
I’m living in a huge house in which I can even play golf!
I’m living in a huge house where I can even play golf!
The driver was the man from whose room she had stolen the maps.
地点名词 + where
❤️where = 介词 + which
This is the place where I live. This is the place which I live in. This is the place in which I live.
I grew up in the small village where I was born.
I grew up in the small village which I was born in.
I grew up in the small village in which I was born.
表示抽象地点的词（point, case, position, condition, situation）,常用where引导
You have reached a point where medicine can’t help.
= You have reached a point at which medicine can’t help.
It’s put me in a position where I can’t afford to take the job.
= It’s put me in a position in which I can’t afford to take the job.
We can read of things that happened 5,000 years ago in the Near East, where people first learned to write.
But there are some parts of the world where even now people cannot write.
John stays at a hotel. You ask him: Did you like the hotel where you stayed?
Sue had dinner a restaurant. You ask her: What’s the name of the restaurant where you had dinner.
Sarah lives in a village. You ask her: Do you like the village where you live?
How big the factory where you work?
What’s the name of the man who borrowed your car?
A cemetery is a place where people are buried.
An orphan is a child whose parents are dead.
The place in which we spent out holidays was really beautiful.
The school is only for children whose first language is English.
What was the name of the person to whom you spoke on the phone.
The woman with whom he fell in love left him after a month.
We have all experienced days when everything goes wrong.
We have all experienced days on which everything goes wrong.
We have all experienced days that seemed like years.
❤️when = 介词 + which
There was a time when the owners of shops and businesses in Chicago had to pay large sums of money to gangsters in return for ‘protection’.
Aunt Harriet lived in that leisurely age when servants were employed to do housework.
There was a time when 曾几何时
reason/cause + why
This is the reason why I didn’t come here.
the beautiful mother. beautiful起不到限定性作用
Yesterday I met my girlfriend who lives across the street.（more than one girlfriend）
Yesterday I met my girlfriend, who lives across the street.(have only one girlfriend)
David Beckham who modeled for clothing company has earned quite a lot of money.❌(David Beckham是已经唯一)
David Beckham, who modeled for clothing company, has earned quite a lot of money.
The man who lives in this house has not been seen for years.(需要限定)
The mayor, who lives in this house, has not been seen for years.(不需要限定)
Collin told me about his new job, which he’s enjoying very much.
I have two offices. The office I’m using at the moment is very small.
Ben’s father, who used to be a teacher, now works for a TV company.
She is extraordinarity beautiful, which makes her roommate envy her.
We ran out of money, which didn’t bother me a lot.
- as sb. say …
- as is said …
- as we all know …
- as is known to all …
- as I have told you …
As we all know, the whale is not a fish but a mammal.
= The whale is not fish but a mammal, as we all know.
= The whale is not fish but a mammal, which we all know.
As is known to us all, the whale is not a fish but a mammal.
= The whale is not fish but a mammal, as is known to all.
= The whale is not fish but a mammal, which is known to all.
My friend showed me round the town, which was very kind of him.
Many children, whose parents are away working in big cities, are taken good care of in the village.
Gun control is a subject about which Americans have argued for a long time.
Mozart’s birthplace and the house where he composed “The Magic Flute” are both museums now.
A person whose e-mail account is full won’t be able to send or receive any e-mails.
I was very interested in all that she told me.
I have never been to Beijing, but It’s the place (that/which) I most want to visit.
It is human nature to think back to a Golden Age when one’s country was strong and respected.
Beer is the most popular drink among male drinkers, whose overall consumption is significantly higher than that of woman.
She’ll never forget the town where she found her son who had gone missing two years before.